Geography of Bihar : location, structure & climate
Geographical location of Bihar
- Bihar is located in the east of India. Its latitudinal expansion is between 21 ° 58’10 “to 27 ° 31’15” north latitude and Longitudinal extension 82 ° 19’50 “to 88 ° 17’40” east longitude.
- Bihar’s border touches one country and three states of India; Nepal is located in the north west, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south.
- The total area of Bihar is 94,163 sq km. It is the 13th largest state in India in terms of area.
- The length of Bihar from north to south is 345 km and maximum width from east to west is 483 km.
- The average elevation is about 173 feet above sea level in the state of Bihar
- The Ganges river divides Bihar into two parts, which are called the southern region of the Ganges and the northern region of the Ganges.
Geological Structure of Bihar
Bihar can be divided into three main parts for the study of geological structure, which is as follows
- Dharwad Rocks – The construction of these rocks is considered to be pre Cambrian era, mainly they include slate, quartz etc. It is found in the south eastern part of Bihar, Jamui, Nawada, Kharagpur hill etc.
- Tertiary rocks – This type of rocks is found in the areas around the Champaran of the vihara.
- Rocks of Vindhyan group – These rocks are mainly found in Rohtas and Kaimur district, they are also used in cement industry.
Climate of Bihar
- The monsoon type of climate is found in Bihar, the climate of the eastern part is more humid than the western part.
- Bihar has mainly three seasons, summer season, rain season and winter season.
- Bihar hottest district is Gaya.
- The highest rainfall in Bihar is in Kishanganj district.
Introduction of Bihar