Major tribes of Uttar Pradesh

Major tribes of Uttar Pradesh

The Scheduled Tribes constitute 0.6% of the total population of Uttar Pradesh.The major scheduled tribes of Uttar Pradesh are Buxa, Tharu, Raji, Jaunsari, Kharwar, Mahigir, Gond, Ojha, Dhuria, Naik, Pathari, Rajgond, Sahariya, Pahariya, Baiga , Pankha, Agariya, Patari, Chero, Bhuiya etc.

Tharu tribe

  • Tharu tribe is the largest tribe in Uttar Pradesh.
  • People of Tharu tribe live in Tarai part of Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh
  • People of Tharu tribe belong to  Kirat dynasty
  •  A festival called Bajhar is celebrated by Tharuo . They celebrate Deepawali as a mourning festival , Khichdi dance is performed  by the Tharu tribe on the occasion of Holi.
  • Tharu Development Project started on  2 October 1980 in Uttar Pradesh

Jaunsari tribe

  • The main festivals of Jaunsari community are Bisu (Baisakhi), Panchai (Dussehra), Diai (Diwali), Nunai, Athoi etc. They celebrate Diwali after one month.
  • Their main dances are Harul, Rason, Ghumsu, Jhela, Dhei, Tandi, Maroj, Paunai etc. 

Buksa or Bhoksa tribe

  • In Uttar Pradesh, the Buksa tribe is found in the Bijnor district.
  • The supreme person of the panchayat of the Buksa tribe is called  Takhat
  • The Buksa Tribe Development Project in Uttar Pradesh was started in  1983-84

Kharwar tribe

  • The people of Kharwar tribe in Uttar Pradesh mainly reside in Sonbhadra  district. 
  • Surajvanshi, Patbandhi, Daulatbandhi, Kheri, Mogati, Armia are the sub-castes of this tribe. 
  • Their main gods are Badhus, Vanasanti, Dulhadeva, Ghamasan, Goraiya etc. 
  • Kharwar tribe popular dance is Karma.

Also read…

Uttar Pradesh: Census 2011

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